Interhemispheric EEG coherence is reduced in auditory cortical regions in schizophrenia patients with auditory hallucinations

Katherine Henshall, Alex Anatol Sergejew, Gary Rance, Colette McKay, David Leon Copolov

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Central auditory processing has been reported to be impaired in schizophrenia patients who experience auditory hallucinations, and interhemispheric transfer in auditory circuits may be compromised. In this study, we used EEG spectral coherence to examine interhemispheric connectivity between cortical areas known to be important in the processing of auditory information. Coherence was compared across three subject groups: schizophrenia patients with a recent history of auditory hallucinations (AH), schizophrenia patients who did not experience auditory hallucinations (nonAH), and healthy controls (HC). Subjects listened to pure tone and word stimuli while EEG was recorded continuously. Upper alpha and upper beta band coherence was calculated from six pairs of electrodes located over homologous auditory areas in the left and right cerebral hemispheres. Significant between-group differences were found on four electrode pairs (C3-C4, C5-C6, Ft7-Ft8 and Cp5-Cp6) in the upper alpha band. Relative to both the HC and nonAH groups, coherence was lower in the AH patients, consistent with the hypothesis that interhemispheric connectivity is reduced in these patients.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63 - 71
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Psychophysiology
Volume89
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

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