Intergenomic interactions between mitochondrial and Y-linked genes shape male mating patterns and fertility in Drosophila melanogaster

Winston Kok Wye Yee, Bjorn Rogell, Bernardo Lemos, Damian Kimon Dowling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Under maternal inheritance, mitochondrial genomes are prone to accumulate mutations that exhibit male-biased effects. Suchmutations should, however, place selection on the nuclear genome for modifier adaptations that mitigate mitochondrial-incurredmale harm. One gene region that might harbor such modifiers is the Y-chromosome, given the abundance of Y-linked variationfor male fertility, and because Y-linked modifiers would not exert antagonistic effects in females because they would be foundonly in males. Recent studies in Drosophila revealed a set of nuclear genes whose expression is sensitive to allelic variation amongmtDNA- and Y-haplotypes, suggesting these genes might be entwined in evolutionary conflict between mtDNA and Y. Here,we test whether genetic variation across mtDNA and Y haplotypes, sourced from three disjunct populations, interacts to affectmale mating patterns and fertility across 10 days of early life in D. melanogaster. We also investigate whether coevolved mito-Ycombinations outperform their evolutionarily novel counterparts, as predicted if the interacting Y-linked variance is comprised ofmodifier adaptations. Although we found no evidence that coevolved mito-Y combinations outperformed their novel counterparts,interactions between mtDNA and Y-chromosomes affected male mating patterns. These interactions were dependent on male age;thus male reproductive success was shaped by G × G × E interactions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2876-2890
Number of pages15
JournalEvolution
Volume69
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • adaptation
  • Genomic conflict
  • male fertility
  • mitonuclear
  • mtDNA
  • sexual conflict

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