Interface, interaction and interactivity: understanding ImpaCT of technology in classroom from a Cultural Historical Activity Theory perspective

Ibrahim Latheef

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review


Based on research this paper provides an understanding around different levels of information and communication input output (ICIO) that occurs in a learning episode and how these different levels impact learning when technology is used as a tool in classroom; specifically, Interactive Whiteboards (IWBs). Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT) provides an appropriate framework to examining the ICIO in human activity and consciousness in the context in which they occur. The hierarchical structure of activity as proposed in Leont'ev (1978) helps to identify ICIO that fosters learning. Leont'ev (1978) argues that there are three level of interaction in human labour; operations, actions and activity. Using this structure current research has identified a complex system of ICIO around technologies as interface, interaction and interactivity. The findings suggest the level of ICIO is based on learning goals, and are embedded within an activity system. The findings break down ICIO into interface, as the lowest level, interaction as the second level and interactivity as the highest level of ICIO. The research concludes that higher the ICIO the more learning.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAustralian Council for Computers in Education 2018 Conference Proceedings
EditorsDebra Bourne, Leanne Cameron
Place of PublicationGordon NSW Australia
PublisherICT Educators NSW
Number of pages14
ISBN (Print)9780646995281
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventAustralasian Computers in Education Conference 2018 - Royal Randwick Racecourse, Sydney, Australia
Duration: 2 Oct 20185 Oct 2018


ConferenceAustralasian Computers in Education Conference 2018
Abbreviated titleACEC 2018
Internet address

Cite this