Interdisciplinary studies of eruption at Chaiten Volcano, Chile

J Pallister, J Major, T Pierson, R Hoblitt, J Lowenstern, J Eichelberger, L Lara, H Moreno, J Muoz, Jonathan Castro, A Iroum, A Andreoli, J Jones, F Swanston, C Crisafulli

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    21 Citations (Scopus)


    High-silica rhyolite magma fuels Earth s largest and most explosive eruptions. Recurrence intervals for such highly explosive eruptions are in the 100- to 100,000year time range, and there have been few direct observations of such eruptions and their immediate impacts. Consequently, there was keen interest within the volcanology community when the first large eruption of high-silica rhyolite since that of Alaska s Novarupta volcano in 1912 began on 1 May 2008 at Chaitn volcano, southern Chile, a 3-kilometerdiameter caldera volcano with a prehistoric record of rhyolite eruptions [Naranjo and Stern, 2004; Servicio Nacional de Geologa y Minera (SERNAGEOMIN), 2008; Carn et al., 2009; Castro and Dingwell, 2009; Lara, 2009; Muoz et al., 2009]. Vigorous explosions occurred through 8 May 2008, after which explosive activity waned and a new lava dome was extruded.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)381 - 382
    Number of pages2
    Issue number42
    Publication statusPublished - 2010

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