Interarm differences in systolic blood pressure and the risk of dementia and subclinical brain injury

Matthew P. Pase, Alexa Beiser, Hugo Aparicio, Charles DeCarli, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Joanne Murabito, Sudha Seshadri

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction This study examined whether interarm differences in systolic blood pressure (IDSBP) ≥10 mm Hg were associated with the risk of incident dementia and subclinical brain injury. Methods Between 1992 and 1998, 2063 participants of the Framingham Heart Study underwent assessment of IDSBP with results related to the 10-year risk of incident dementia including clinically characterized Alzheimer's disease. Secondary outcomes included markers of subclinical brain injury on magnetic resonance imaging. Results High IDSBP were associated with a greater risk of incident dementia (hazard ratio [HR] 1.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09-3.40) and Alzheimer's disease (HR, 2.32; 95% CI, 1.29-4.18), but only in those who carried an apolipoprotein E (APOE) ϵ4 allele. IDSBP also predicted lower total brain volumes and more prevalent silent brain infarcts in those who were APOE ϵ4 positive. Discussion High IDSBP were associated with an increased risk of dementia, including clinical Alzheimer's disease, and subclinical brain injury in those who were APOE ϵ4 positive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)438-445
Number of pages8
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ABI
  • Alzheimer's disease
  • Ankle-brachial index
  • Atherosclerosis
  • Blood pressure
  • Cerebrovascular disease
  • Dementia
  • Framingham Heart Study
  • Interarm differences in systolic blood pressure
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Peripheral vascular disease

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