Interacting quantum fluid in a polariton Chern insulator

O. Bleu, D. D. Solnyshkov, G. Malpuech

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Abstract

We study Bogoliubov excitations of a spinor Bose-Einstein condensate in a honeycomb periodic potential, in the presence of a Zeeman field and of a spin-orbit coupling specific for photonic systems, which is due to the energy splitting between TE and TM polarized eigenstates. We also consider spin-anisotropic interactions typical for cavity polaritons. We show that the nontrivial topology of the single-particle case is also present for the interacting system. At low condensate density, the topology of the single-particle bands is transferred to the bogolon dispersion. At a critical value, the self-induced Zeeman field at the Dirac points of the dispersion becomes equal to the real Zeeman field and then exceeds it. The gap is thus closed and then reopened with inverted Chern numbers. This change of topology is accompanied by a change of the propagation directions of the one-way edge modes. This result demonstrates that the chirality of a topological insulator can be reversed by collective effects in a Bose-Einstein condensate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number085438
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review B
Volume93
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Feb 2016
Externally publishedYes

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