Intention to use sport concussion guidelines among community-level coaches and sports trainers

Joshua Daniel Newton, Peta White, Michael Thomas Ewing, Michael Makdissi, Gavin Albyn Davis, Alex Donaldson, Stephen John Sullivan, Hugh Seward, Caroline F Finch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Sporting bodies have developed guidelines for managing community-level players with suspected concussion in response to international consensus statements on concussion in sport. The purpose of this study was to examine the factors that influence the intended use of concussion guidelines among community-level coaches and sports trainers from two popular football codes in Australia: Australian football and rugby league. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: The survey, based on an extended theory of planned behaviour model, was completed by 183 Australian football coaches, 121 Australian football sports trainers, 171 rugby league coaches, and 142 rugby league sports trainers. Results: Personal norms and self-efficacy were significant predictors of intention to use concussion guide-lines, although the relationship between self-efficacy and intention was stronger among Australian football coaches than rugby league coaches. Analysis of the salient beliefs that underpin self-efficacy found that coaches, irrespective of football code, felt less familiar (X2 = 25.70, p <0.001) and less experienced (X2 = 31.56, p <0.001) than sports trainers in using the concussion guidelines. At the same time, Australian football personnel, irrespective of their team role, felt that they had insufficient time (X2 = 8.04, p <0.01) and resources (X2 = 12.31, p <0.001) to implement the concussion guidelines relative to rugby league personnel. Conclusions: Programmes aimed at increasing the intended use of sport concussion guidelines should focus on enhancing self-efficacy and leveraging personal norms. Increasing coaches familiarity and experience in using the concussion guidelines would also be warranted, as would finding ways to overcome the perceived time and resource constraints identified among Australian football personnel.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)469 - 473
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
Volume17
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Cite this

Newton, J. D., White, P., Ewing, M. T., Makdissi, M., Davis, G. A., Donaldson, A., ... Finch, C. F. (2014). Intention to use sport concussion guidelines among community-level coaches and sports trainers. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 17(5), 469 - 473. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.10.240
Newton, Joshua Daniel ; White, Peta ; Ewing, Michael Thomas ; Makdissi, Michael ; Davis, Gavin Albyn ; Donaldson, Alex ; Sullivan, Stephen John ; Seward, Hugh ; Finch, Caroline F. / Intention to use sport concussion guidelines among community-level coaches and sports trainers. In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 2014 ; Vol. 17, No. 5. pp. 469 - 473.
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abstract = "Objectives: Sporting bodies have developed guidelines for managing community-level players with suspected concussion in response to international consensus statements on concussion in sport. The purpose of this study was to examine the factors that influence the intended use of concussion guidelines among community-level coaches and sports trainers from two popular football codes in Australia: Australian football and rugby league. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: The survey, based on an extended theory of planned behaviour model, was completed by 183 Australian football coaches, 121 Australian football sports trainers, 171 rugby league coaches, and 142 rugby league sports trainers. Results: Personal norms and self-efficacy were significant predictors of intention to use concussion guide-lines, although the relationship between self-efficacy and intention was stronger among Australian football coaches than rugby league coaches. Analysis of the salient beliefs that underpin self-efficacy found that coaches, irrespective of football code, felt less familiar (X2 = 25.70, p <0.001) and less experienced (X2 = 31.56, p <0.001) than sports trainers in using the concussion guidelines. At the same time, Australian football personnel, irrespective of their team role, felt that they had insufficient time (X2 = 8.04, p <0.01) and resources (X2 = 12.31, p <0.001) to implement the concussion guidelines relative to rugby league personnel. Conclusions: Programmes aimed at increasing the intended use of sport concussion guidelines should focus on enhancing self-efficacy and leveraging personal norms. Increasing coaches familiarity and experience in using the concussion guidelines would also be warranted, as would finding ways to overcome the perceived time and resource constraints identified among Australian football personnel.",
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Newton, JD, White, P, Ewing, MT, Makdissi, M, Davis, GA, Donaldson, A, Sullivan, SJ, Seward, H & Finch, CF 2014, 'Intention to use sport concussion guidelines among community-level coaches and sports trainers', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 17, no. 5, pp. 469 - 473. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.10.240

Intention to use sport concussion guidelines among community-level coaches and sports trainers. / Newton, Joshua Daniel; White, Peta; Ewing, Michael Thomas; Makdissi, Michael; Davis, Gavin Albyn; Donaldson, Alex; Sullivan, Stephen John; Seward, Hugh; Finch, Caroline F.

In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Vol. 17, No. 5, 2014, p. 469 - 473.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Ewing, Michael Thomas

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AU - Sullivan, Stephen John

AU - Seward, Hugh

AU - Finch, Caroline F

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AB - Objectives: Sporting bodies have developed guidelines for managing community-level players with suspected concussion in response to international consensus statements on concussion in sport. The purpose of this study was to examine the factors that influence the intended use of concussion guidelines among community-level coaches and sports trainers from two popular football codes in Australia: Australian football and rugby league. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: The survey, based on an extended theory of planned behaviour model, was completed by 183 Australian football coaches, 121 Australian football sports trainers, 171 rugby league coaches, and 142 rugby league sports trainers. Results: Personal norms and self-efficacy were significant predictors of intention to use concussion guide-lines, although the relationship between self-efficacy and intention was stronger among Australian football coaches than rugby league coaches. Analysis of the salient beliefs that underpin self-efficacy found that coaches, irrespective of football code, felt less familiar (X2 = 25.70, p <0.001) and less experienced (X2 = 31.56, p <0.001) than sports trainers in using the concussion guidelines. At the same time, Australian football personnel, irrespective of their team role, felt that they had insufficient time (X2 = 8.04, p <0.01) and resources (X2 = 12.31, p <0.001) to implement the concussion guidelines relative to rugby league personnel. Conclusions: Programmes aimed at increasing the intended use of sport concussion guidelines should focus on enhancing self-efficacy and leveraging personal norms. Increasing coaches familiarity and experience in using the concussion guidelines would also be warranted, as would finding ways to overcome the perceived time and resource constraints identified among Australian football personnel.

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