Intended parents' motivations and information and support needs when seeking extraterritorial compensated surrogacy

Karin Hammarberg, Martyn Stafford-Bell, Sam Everingham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Cross-border reproductive care (CBRC) is becoming increasingly common. Little is known about the motivations and information and support needs of people who cross borders to access surrogacy. This study aimed to explore: how those considering or undertaking extraterritorial surrogacy reach their decision; what other avenues they have considered and tried to have children; their sources of information and support; and perceptions of how others view their decision. Members of two Australian parenting support forums completed an anonymous online survey. Of the 249 respondents, 51 were gay men, 43 heterosexual women and 7 heterosexual men. Most heterosexual respondents had tried to conceive spontaneously and with assisted reproductive technology before considering surrogacy. Most respondents felt supported in their decision to try extraterritorial surrogacy by close family and friends. Surrogacy-related information was mostly sourced online and from other parents through surrogacy. Few sought information from a local general practitioner or IVF clinic and those who did reported IVF clinic staff were significantly (P <0.001) more likely than other groups to communicate negative reactions to their decision to seek surrogacy. The apparent negative attitudes to cross-border surrogacy among health professionals warrants further research into health professionals knowledge, beliefs and attitudes relating to surrogacy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)689 - 696
Number of pages8
JournalReproductive BioMedicine Online
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Cite this