Integrated exertion – understanding the design of human–computer Integration in an exertion context

Josh Andres, Nathan Semertzidis, Zhuying Li, Yan Wang, Florian "Floyd" Mueller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Human-computer interaction (HCI) is increasingly interested in supporting exertion experiences so more people can benefit from physical activity. So far, most systems have focused on sensing and presenting information to the user via screens to support the exertion experience. Interestingly, emerging technology can also act on the exerting user's body based on sensed information, granting researchers the potential to develop technology that not only "presents"but also "acts"on information throughout an integrated exertion experience. As a result, design opportunities surrounding computing machinery as contextually aware exertion partners are now available. However, there are currently no frameworks to guide the design of human-computer integration in an exertion context. To contribute to closing this gap, we designed three eBike systems to investigate different forms of integration with the exerting user and we studied the resulting user experiences. Based on the results of these three case studies, we present the first framework, including associated design tactics, to offer guidance on how to design human-computer integration in an exertion context.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3528352
Number of pages28
JournalACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • exertion
  • cycling
  • whole-body interaction
  • Human-computer integration
  • bike

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