Integrated adsorption and absorption process for post-combustion CO2 capture

Gongkui Xiao, Penny Xiao, Andrew Hoadley, Paul Webley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This study explored the feasibility of integrating an adsorption and solvent scrubbing process for post-combustion CO2 capture from a coal-fired power plant. This integrated process has two stages: the first is a vacuum swing adsorption (VSA) process using activated carbon as the adsorbent, and the second stage is a solvent scrubber/stripper system using monoethanolamine (30 wt-%) as the solvent. The results showed that the adsorption process could enrich CO2 in the flue gas from 12 to 50 mol-% with aCO2 recovery of > 90%, and the concentrated CO2 stream fed to the solvent scrubber had a significantly lower volumetric flowrate. The increased CO2 concentration and reduced feed flow to the absorption section resulted in significant reduction in the diameter of the solvent absorber, bringing the size of the absorber from uneconomically large to readily achievable domain. In addition, the VSA process could also remove most of the oxygen initially existed in the feed gas, alleviating the downstream corrosion and degradation problems in the absorption section. The findings in this work will reduce the technical risks associated with the state-of-the art solvent absorption technology for CO2 capture and thus accelerate the deployment of such technologies to reduce carbon emissions. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalFrontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 21 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • CO capture
  • integrated process
  • monoethanolamine
  • post-combustion
  • vacuum swing adsorption

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