Insulin-like growth factors and kidney disease

Leon Ashley Bach, Lorna J Hale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

82 Citations (Scopus)


Insulin-like growth factors (IGF-1 and IGF-2) are necessary for normal growth and development. They are related structurally to proinsulin and promote cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival, as well as insulin-like metabolic effects, in most cell types and tissues. In particular, IGFs are important for normal pre- and postnatal kidney development. IGF-1 mediates many growth hormone actions, and both growth hormone excess and deficiency are associated with perturbed kidney function. IGFs affect renal hemodynamics both directly and indirectly by interacting with the renin-angiotensin system. In addition to the IGF ligands, the IGF system includes receptors for IGF-1, IGF-2/mannose-6-phosphate, and insulin, and a family of 6 high-affinity IGF-binding proteins that modulate IGF action. Disordered regulation of the IGF system has been implicated in a number of kidney diseases. IGF activity is enhanced in early diabetic nephropathy and polycystic kidneys, whereas IGF resistance is found in chronic kidney failure. IGFs have a potential role in enhancing stem cell repair of kidney injury. Most IGF actions are mediated by the tyrosine kinase IGF-1 receptor, and inhibitors recently have been developed. Further studies are needed to determine the optimal role of IGF-based therapies in kidney disease.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327 - 336
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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