Insights into the labeling effect of Kidney Donor Performance Index reporting: The Australian experience

Matthew P. Sypek, Peter Hughes, Rhonda Holdsworth, John Kanellis, Stephen McDonald, Philip D. Clayton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In 2016, Australia began reporting the Kidney Donor Performance Index (KDPI) with all deceased donor kidney transplant offers despite this not being used in organ allocation rules, offering a unique opportunity to explore the “labeling effect” of KDPI reporting. We reviewed all kidneys retrieved for transplant in Australia from 2015 to 2018 and analyzed the association of KDPI reporting with organ nonutilization, number of offer declines, and donor/recipient age and longevity matching. Analyses were stratified by organ failure risk: higher risk (KDPI > 80%), standard risk (KDPI 20% to 79%), and lower risk (KDPI 0% to 20%). There was no significant difference in organ nonutilization post KDPI reporting either overall or for higher-risk kidneys. KDPI reporting was associated with an increase in offer declines for both higher-risk (incidence risk ratio 1.45, P =.007) and standard-risk (incidence risk ratio 1.22, P =.021) kidneys but not for lower-risk organs. There was a significant increase in recipient age and expected posttransplant survival score for higher-risk kidneys but no differences among other groups. We conclude that although KDPI reporting in Australia has been associated with an increased number of offer declines for higher-risk kidneys, this has not resulted in increased nonutilization and may have contributed to more appropriate use of these organs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)870-878
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020


  • clinical research
  • donors and donation: deceased
  • epidemiology
  • kidney transplantation
  • nephrology
  • organ procurement
  • organ procurement and allocation
  • practice
  • registry
  • registry analysis

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