Insertion of common mutations into the human beta-globin locus using GET Recombination and an EcoRI endonuclease counterselection cassette

Duangporn Jamsai, Mikhail Nefedov, Kumaran Narayanan, Michael R Orford, Suthat Fucharoen, Robert Williamson, Panayiotis A Ioannou

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A large number of mutations have been described in the human beta-globin locus causing thalassemia or various hemoglobinopathies. However, only a very limited number of these mutations have been studied in animal model systems in the context of the human beta-globin locus. We report here the use of the GET Recombination system with an EcoRI/Kan(R) counterselection cassette to facilitate the introduction of the HbE (codon 26, GAG-->AAG mutation and the codon 41-42 (-TTCT) deletion, two mutations found in high frequency in South-East Asia, into the human beta-globin locus. The counterselection cassette was first inserted into the target sequence in the beta-globin gene, and then a PCR fragment carrying the required modification was used to replace it. Efficient counterselection depends upon the tight regulation of the highly toxic EcoRI endonuclease gene by expression of lacI(q). Induction by IPTG during counterselection efficiently eliminates non-recombinant bacterial clones. The technique can be performed on any known gene sequence using current BAC technology, allowing identification and comparative functional analysis of key regulatory elements, and the development of accurate animal models for human genetic disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1 - 9
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biotechnology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes

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