Insect Herbivory Selects for Volatile-Mediated Plant-Plant Communication

Aino Kalske, Kaori Shiojiri, Akane Uesugi, Yuzu Sakata, Kimberly Morrell, André Kessler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plant volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are major vehicles of information transfer between organisms and mediate many ecological interactions [1–3]. Altering VOC emission in response to herbivore damage has been hypothesized to be adaptive, as it can deter subsequent herbivores [4], attract natural enemies of herbivores [5], or transmit information about attacks between distant parts of the same plant [6–9]. Neighboring plants may also respond to these VOC cues by priming their own defenses against oncoming herbivory, thereby reducing future damage [10–12]. However, under which conditions such information sharing provides fitness benefits to emitter plants, and, therefore, whether selection by herbivores affects the evolution of such VOC signaling, is still unclear [13]. Here, we test the predictions of two alternative hypotheses, the kin selection and mutual benefits hypotheses [14], to uncover the selective environment that may favor information sharing in plants. Measuring the response to natural selection in Solidago altissima, we found strong effects of herbivory on the way plants communicated with neighbors. Plants from populations that experienced selection by insect herbivory induced resistance in all neighboring conspecifics by airborne cues, whereas those from populations experiencing herbivore exclusion induced resistance only in neighbors of the same genotype. Furthermore, the information-sharing plants converged on a common, airborne VOC signal upon damage. We demonstrate that herbivory can drive the evolution of plant-plant communication via induction of airborne cues and suggest plants as a model system for understanding information sharing and communication among organisms in general. Volatile organic compounds can function as information and mediate interactions among plants. Kalske et al. demonstrate that chemical information transfer between tall goldenrod plants evolves in response to natural selection by herbivores. Herbivory selects for more open communication channels and convergent information structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3128-3133.e3
JournalCurrent Biology
Volume29
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • chemical communication display
  • chemical ecology
  • competition
  • kin recognition
  • natural selection
  • phenotypic integration
  • plant communication
  • plant defense
  • plant-herbivore interactions
  • Solidago

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