Inositol (1,4,5) trisphosphate metabolism and enhanced calcium mobilization in airway smooth muscle of hyperresponsive rats

Florence C Tao, Barbara Tolloczko, Christina Anne Mitchell, William S Powell, James G Martin

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Airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) is a phenotype of asthma and can be modeled by the inbred Fisher strain of rat, which is hyperresponsive in vivo relative to the Lewis strain. Enhanced airway smooth muscle (ASM) contractility and Ca(2+) mobilization are associated with the AHR observed in Fisher rats. In this study, we investigated whether the interstrain differences in Ca(2+) mobilization to serotonin (5HT) result from differences in inositol (1,4,5)trisphosphate (IP(3)) metabolism and/or IP(3) receptor (IP(3)R) sensitivity. Ca(2+) mobilization by 5HT in cultured ASM cells from both rat strains was phospholipase C (PLC) dependent. Inositol polyphosphate accumulation, and hence PLC activity, was similar in both rat strains, but a specific IP(3) transient was detectable only in Fisher myocytes in response to 5HT. These findings suggested that IP(3) degradation rather than production differed between the two strains. The Vmax and Michaelis constant (K(m)) of IP(3)-specific 5-phosphatase activity were higher in the particulate fraction of Lewis than in Fisher ASM cell homogenates and appeared to be related to a greater expression of two isoforms of 5-phosphatase (type I and type II) in Lewis cells as shown by Western blot analysis. The sensitivity of the IP(3)R to IP(3) was similar between Fisher and Lewis ASM cells, indicating that the interstrain intracellular Ca(2+) differences were unrelated to IP(3)R function. We propose that interstrain variations in 5-phosphatase activity and expression may give rise to the interstrain differences in IP(3)-mediated Ca(2+) release in ASM and may be a determinant of AHR.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)514 - 520
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2000

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