Innovations in the business models of modern slavery: exploring the dark side of business model innovaton

Andrew Crane, Genevieve LeBaron, Kam Phung, Laya Behbahani, Jean Allain

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference PaperResearchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


This paper addresses the scant attention paid to the dark side of business model innovation by empirically examining innovations in the business models of modern slavery. Our paper focuses on how the business models of slavery in advanced economies like the US and UK have evolved since the practice was legally abolished in the 19th Century. We find that while some continuities with the business models of traditional slavery exist, novel forms of business models have emerged based on new actors, activities, and linkages between activities. We categorize these innovations according to the actor involved (producer/intermediary) and how value is created and captured (revenue generation/cost reduction), giving rise to four innovative models. We discuss our findings considering the literature on business model innovation, the dark side of organizations, and the business of modern slavery, as well as outline implications for policy and practice.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAcademy of Management Proceedings
EditorsGuclu Atinc
Place of PublicationNew York NY USA
PublisherAcademy of Management
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2018
EventAnnual Meeting of the Academy of Management 2018 - Chicago, United States of America
Duration: 10 Aug 201814 Aug 2018
Conference number: 78th

Publication series

NameAcademy of Management Proceedings
PublisherAcademy of Management
ISSN (Print)0065-0668
ISSN (Electronic)2151-6561


ConferenceAnnual Meeting of the Academy of Management 2018
Abbreviated titleAoM 2018
Country/TerritoryUnited States of America
Internet address

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