The national motto of Indonesia is ‘Bhinneka Tunggal Ika’, Sanskrit words translated into English as ‘Unity in Diversity’. While Indonesia, with a population in 2008 of about 230 million people, is the country with the largest Muslim population in the world, with up to eighty-eight per cent of its population being at least nominally Muslim, it is not an Islamic state. From its earliest beginnings as a nation, with the formulation of its five foundational principles of the nation (the Pancasila) by Achmad Sukarno in June 1945, and their incorporation into the preamble to the initial constitution adopted shortly after the declaration of independence from the Dutch in August 1945, there has been an insistence on the importance of religion as a foundational principle of the state (‘to build Indonesia Merdeka [Independent Indonesia] in awe of one true God’), but a nation-state in which each individual should believe in his own God.
|Title of host publication||Cinema in Muslim Societies|
|Editors||Ali Nobil Ahmad|
|Place of Publication||Abingdon Oxon UK|
|Number of pages||15|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
|Name||Cinema in Muslim Societies|