Injury-Related Emergency Department Presentations Among Residential Aged Care Residents in Victoria, Australia

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Abstract

Objective: This study aimed to quantify and describe the characteristics of emergency department (ED) injury presentations and subsequent hospital admissions among residents of residential aged-care facilities (RACFs) in Victoria, Australia between 2008 and 2018. Methods: This study comprised a single jurisdiction population-based study of consecutive injury-related ED presentations of RACFs residents using the Victorian Emergency Minimum Dataset (VEMD). Results: The rate of ED injury presentations per 100,000 population decreased by.8% per year over 10 years (P =.03); however, the rate per 100,000 RACF bed days increased by.6% per year (P =.05). The proportion of presentations subsequently admitted to hospital increased 4.0% per year (P<.0001). The majority of presentations were due to falls (82.5%), with fracture(s) being the most common injury type (34.0%). Discussion: The increased rate of ED visits and hospital admissions in RACFs residents highlights the need to design specialized emergency care services and/or provide better direct access to hospital care for this vulnerable population.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • emergency department
  • injury
  • nursing home
  • residential aged care

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