Initiation of antigen receptor-dependent differentiation into plasma cells by calmodulin inhibition of E2A

Jannek Hauser, Jiyoti Verma-Gaur, Anders Wallenius, Thomas Grundström

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19 Citations (Scopus)


Differentiation of B lymphocytes into Ab-secreting plasmablasts and plasma cells is Ag driven. The interaction of Ag with the membrane-bound Ab of the BCR is critical in determining which clones enter the plasma cell response. However, not much is known about the coupling between BCR activation and the shift in transcription factor network from that of a B cell to that of ASC differentiation. Our genome-wide analysis shows that Ab-secreting cell differentiation of mouse B cells is induced by BCR activation through very fast regulatory events from the BCR. We identify activation of IFN regulatory factor-4 and downregulation of Pax5, Bcl-6, MITF, Ets-1, Fli-1, and Spi-B gene expression as immediate early events. Furthermore, the transcription factor E2A is required for the rapid key down-regulations after BCR activation, and the Ca2+ sensor protein calmodulin has the corresponding regulatory effect as BCR activation. Moreover, mutants in the calmodulin binding site of E2A show that Ca2+ signaling through calmodulin inhibition of E2A is essential for the rapid down-regulation of immediate early genes after BCR activation in initiation of plasma cell differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1179-1187
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes

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