Inhomogeneous cosmology with numerical relativity

Hayley J. Macpherson, Paul D. Lasky, Daniel J. Price

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50 Citations (Scopus)


We perform three-dimensional numerical relativity simulations of homogeneous and inhomogeneous expanding spacetimes, with a view towards quantifying non-linear effects from cosmological inhomogeneities. We demonstrate fourth-order convergence with errors less than one part in 106 in evolving a flat, dust Friedmann-Lemaître-Roberston-Walker (FLRW) spacetime using the Einstein Toolkit within the Cactus framework. We also demonstrate agreement to within one part in 103 between the numerical relativity solution and the linear solution for density, velocity and metric perturbations in the Hubble flow over a factor of ∼ 350 change in scale factor (redshift). We simulate the growth of linear perturbations into the non-linear regime, where effects such as gravitational slip and tensor perturbations appear. We therefore show that numerical relativity is a viable tool for investigating nonlinear effects in cosmology.

Original languageEnglish
Article number064028
Number of pages13
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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