Stimulation of rat mesangial cells for 24 h with interleukin-1beta (IL- 1beta) plus forskolin (Fk) leads to a marked increase in prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) synthesis. This effect is further enhanced by the small G-protein Rho inhibitor toxin A. A similar increase in PGE2 formation is obtained with Y27632, a Rho-dependent kinase inhibitor, and with lovastatin, a hydroxymethylglutaryl-coenzyme A inhibitor which depletes cells from geranylgeranyl moieties and thus blocks Rho activation. In parallel to the increased PGE2 synthesis, a potentiation of IL-1beta-induced secretory group IIA phospholipases A2 (sPLA2-IIA) protein expression also occurs by Rho inhibition. However, only toxin A triggers an increased sPLA2-IIA activity consistent with the elevated levels of protein expression, whereas Y27632 and lovastatin rather reduced IL-1beta-induced sPLA2-IIA activity. In vitro activity studies reveal that Y27632 and lovastatin can directly block sPLA2-IIA enzyme activity in a concentration-dependent manner. Interestingly, in the absence of IL-1beta/Fk stimulation and the lack of sPLA2-IIA protein expression, all Rho inhibitors exert a small but significant increase in PGE2 formation suggesting that additional PLA2s or downstream enzymes like cyclooxygenases or prostaglandin synthases may be activated by Rho inhibitors.
|Pages (from-to)||108 - 118|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: international journal of biochemistry and biophysics|
|Publication status||Published - 2004|