Inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) activity by polyphenols from tea (Camellia sinensis) and links to processing method

Junjie Dong, Xinqing Xu, Yuerong Liang, Richard Head, Louise Bennett

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34 Citations (Scopus)


The focus of this study was to investigate Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibiting activity across 34 teas (Camellia sinensis) produced by 5 different processing methods including green (GT), oolong (OT), white (WT), black (BT) and dark (DT) teas. In vitro ACE inhibitory activity was affected by the tea processing method with IC50 values for ACE inhibition: green < oolong < white < black < dark teas. Substrate-dependence of the reaction kinetics was studied for GT and BT polyphenolic size fractions either < or > 3 kDa and also Green Tea Polyphenolic Isolate (GTPI), and revealed that enzyme velocity curves fitted allosteric, not Michaelis-Menten, relationships. Inhibition was weakly dependent on substrate concentration for GT fraction >3 kDa and independent of substrate concentration for all other GT and BT size fractions and GTPI. Furthermore, evidence for direct inactivation of ACE by GTPI was demonstrated. Overall, the results suggest that tea polyphenolics exert a mixed mode of in vitro inhibition of ACE, mostly of a kinetically uncompetitive type. The results are discussed in the context of in vivo and epidemiological evidence for regulation of blood pressure by tea consumption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-319
Number of pages10
JournalFood & Function
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2011
Externally publishedYes

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