Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression is significantly reduced in the Parkinson's disease substantia nigra. This neurotrophin has potent affects on dopaminergic neuron survival protecting them from the neurotoxins MPTP and 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) commonly used to create animal models of Parkinson's disease and also promoting dopaminergic axonal sprouting. In this study, we demonstrate that an antisense oligonucleotide infusion (200 nM for 28 days) to prevent BDNF production in the substantia nigra of rats mimics many features of the classical animal models of Parkinson's disease. 62% of antisense treated rats rotate (P ≤ 0.05) in response to dopaminergic receptor stimulation by apomorphine. 40% of substantia nigra pars compacta tyrosine hydroxylase immunoreactive neurons are lost (P ≤ 0.00001) and dopamine uptake site density measured by 3H-mazindol autoradiography is reduced by 34% (P ≤ 0.005). Loss of haematoxylin and eosin stained nigral neurons is significant (P ≤ 0.0001) but less extensive (34%). These observations indicate that loss of BDNF expression leads both to down regulation of the dopaminergic phenotype and to dopaminergic neuronal death. Therefore, reduced BDNF mRNA expression in Parkinson's disease substantia nigra may contribute directly to the death of nigral dopaminergic neurons and the development of Parkinson's disease.
- Antisense oligonucleotide
- Brain derived neurotrophic factor
- Dopaminergic neurons
- Parkinson's disease
- Substantia nigra