A major form of drug resistance in tumour cells known as classical multidrug resistance (MDR) is associated with the overexpression of the mdr1 gene product, the membrane protein P-glycoprotein (P-gp), which acts as an energy-dependent drug efflux pump. In this study the inheritance of P-gp expression was examined using hybrids formed after somatic cell fusion between a drug-sensitive human T-cell leukaemia cell line, CEM/CCRF, and a drug-resistant derivative, CEM/A7, which is characterised by a clonal chromosomal duplication dup(7)(q11.23q31.2). Fourteen hybrids, chosen at random, were analysed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and by binding studies involving the monoclonal antibody MRK16, which recognises an external P-gp epitope. Only two hybrids were positive for both MRK16 antibody labelling and mdr1 mRNA. Partial karyotypic analysis of all hybrids revealed that only the MRK16-positive hybrids contained the duplication in chromosome 7 seen in the CEM/A7 parental MDR line. Therefore, P-gp overexpression in the MRK16-positive hybrids may be linked to the inheritance of chromosome 7 from CEM/A7 and possibly associated with the chromosome 7 abnormality.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||British Journal of Cancer|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
- Chromosome 7
- Drug resistance
- Somatic cell fusion