Infrastructure public–private partnerships in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar: meanings, rationales, projects, and the path forward

Mhamed Biygautane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


This article explores the experiences of Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Qatar with infrastructure public–private partnerships (PPPs), and offers new insights into the development of the PPP phenomenon outside of the Western context. It analyzes their approaches to PPPs, including policy frameworks, the rationales for their implementation, and presents a critical examination of PPP projects’ development to date. In contrast to the international trend where PPPs have been used for the objectives of overcoming financial constraints or delivering public infrastructure efficiently, it is argued that PPPs in the three Gulf states are in their infancy, and their use has been restricted to sectors where the governments cannot deliver important projects. The article concludes by identifying the three Gulf states’ future directions in the use of infrastructure PPPs to deliver a broader spectrum of mega-infrastructure projects, particularly in light of dwindling oil revenues.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-118
Number of pages34
JournalPublic Works Management & Policy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2017


  • capital financing
  • GCC states
  • history
  • Infrastructure
  • public works
  • public–private partnerships

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