Influenza epidemiology in adults admitted to sentinel Australian hospitals in 2014: the Influenza Complications Alert Network (FluCAN)

Allen C Cheng, Mark Holmes, Sanjaya Senenayake, Dominic E. Dwyer, Saliya Hewagama, Tony Korman, Louis Irving, Simon Brown, Grant Waterer, Cameron Hunter, N. Deborah Friedman, Peter Wark, Graham Simpson, John Upman, Simon Bowler, Kristine Macartney, Christopher Blyth, Tom Kotsimbos, Paul Kelly

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The Influenza Complications Alert Network (FluCAN) is a sentinel hospital-based surveillance program that operates at sites in all states and territories in Australia. This report summarises the epidemiology of hospitalisations with laboratory-confirmed influenza during the 2014 influenza season. In this observational study, cases were defined as patients admitted to one of the sentinel hospitals with an acute respiratory illness with influenza confirmed by nucleic acid detection. During the period 3 April to 31 October 2014 (the 2014 influenza season), 1,692 adult patients (>16 years) were admitted with confirmed influenza to one of 15 of 17 FluCAN sentinel hospitals (excluding 2 paediatric hospitals). Of these, 47% were over 65 years of age, 10% were Indigenous Australians, 3.3% were pregnant and 85% had chronic co-morbidities. The majority of cases were due to influenza A. Influenza B was detected in 7% of patients. There were a large number of hospital admissions detected with confirmed influenza in this national observational surveillance system in 2014. These are estimated to represent a national annual burden of around 15,000 admissions and almost 100,000 bed-days nationally.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E355-E360
Number of pages6
JournalCommunicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2015

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