Influenza A virus neuraminidase protein interacts with Hsp90, to stabilize itself and enhance cell survival

Purnima Kumar, Pratibha Gaur, Rashmi Kumari, Sunil K. Lal

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Neuraminidase protein (NA) of influenza A virus (IAV) is popularly known for its sialidase function to assist in the release of progeny virus. However, involvement of NA in other stages of the IAV life cycle also indicates its multifunctional nature and necessity to interact with other host proteins. Here, we report a host protein—heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90), as a novel interacting partner of IAV NA. A classical yeast two-hybrid screen was conducted to identify a new host interacting partner for NA and the interaction was further validated by coimmunoprecipitation from cells, transiently expressing both proteins and also from IAV-infected cells. Confocal imaging showed that both proteins colocalized in the cytoplasm in transfected host cells. Interestingly, increased levels of NA in the presence of Hsp90 was observed, which tends to decrease if adenosine triphosphatase activity of Hsp90 is inhibited using 17-N-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17AAG). This establishes viral NA as a client protein of host chaperone Hsp90 contributing toward NA's stability via the NA-Hsp90 interaction. This is the first report showing the interaction of NA with Hsp90 and its role in stabilizing viral NA thus preventing it from degradation. Enhanced cell survival in the presence of this interaction was also observed, thus suggesting the requirement of stable viral NA, post-IAV infection, for efficient virus production in infected mammalian cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6449-6458
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular Biochemistry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019


  • 17AAG
  • Hsp90
  • interaction
  • NA
  • stability

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