Mo-Si-B alloys with a molybdenum solid solution accompanied by two intermetallic phases and Mo5SiB2 are a prominent example for a potential new high temperature structural material. In this study the influence of 1, 2 and 4 at.% zirconium on microstructure and creep properties of Mo-9Si-8B (at.%) alloys produced by spark plasma sintering is investigated. Creep experiments have been carried out at temperatures of 1100 C up to 1250 C in vacuum. The samples exhibit sub-micron grain sizes as small as 450 nm due to the chosen production route. With addition of 1 at.% zirconium, formation of SiO2 on the grain boundaries can be prevented, thereby enhancing grain boundary strength and creep properties significantly. Moreover ZrO2 particles also enhance creep resistance of the molybdenum solid solution. Creep deformation is a combination of dislocation creep in the grains including dislocation-particle interaction and grain boundary sliding leading to intergranular fracture surfaces. It is promising to use grain size adjustments in order to balance the creep and oxidation resistance of the investigated material.
- A. Molybdenum silicides
- B. Creep
- B. Plastic deformation mechanisms
- B. Precipitates
- C. Powder metallurgy, including consolidation
- F. Electron microscopy, transmission