Influence of temperature on the upper bound: theoretical considerations and comparison with experimental results

Brandon W. Rowe, Lloyd M. Robeson, Benny D. Freeman, Donald R. Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

175 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A model describing the influence of temperature on the permeability/selectivity tradeoff of polymeric membranes has been developed from fundamental theoretical considerations. This model was used to predict the influence of temperature on upper bound behavior for several gas pairs including O2/N2, H2/N2, CO2/CH4, CO2/N2, H2/CO2, and CO2/H2. The predicted upper bound shifts vertically with temperature, and the direction and magnitude of the shift depend on the sizes and condensabilities of the gases considered. Fair agreement between the model predictions and experimental behavior are realized by allowing three model parameters, two related to diffusivity and one to solubility, to vary with polymer chemistry. The utility of this model is to provide a better fundamental understanding of the influence of penetrant properties and polymer structure on the temperature dependence of transport and properties in membrane gas separation processes and to provide a method to benchmark the gas separation performance of materials, even if the data used for comparison were measured at temperatures far from ambient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-69
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume360
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Gas separation
  • Permselectivity
  • Polymer membrane
  • Upper bound

Cite this