Influence of sarcopenic and dynapenic obesity on musculoskeletal health and function in older adults

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Abstract

Age-related declines in skeletal muscle mass (sarcopenia) and strength (dynapenia) compromise musculoskeletal health. This may be exacerbated in the presence of obesity. Dynapenic obesity is more consistently associated with poor physical performance than sarcopenic obesity and so may be a better predictor of falls, but both sarcopenic and dynapenic obese individuals may have greater risk for osteoporosis and fractures than obese alone. Osteoarthritis may also be common in sarcopenic and dynapenic obesity. Weight loss and resistance training is the most effective therapy for improving body composition and muscle function, while reducing risk for falls, osteoporosis and osteoarthritis in older adults.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNutritional Influences on Bone Health
Subtitle of host publication9th International Symposium
EditorsConnie M. Weaver, Robin M. Daly, Heike A. Bischoff-Ferrari
Place of PublicationGewerbestrasse Cham Switzerland
PublisherSpringer
Pages35 - 48
Number of pages14
Edition1st
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-32417-3
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-32415-9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Aug 2016
EventInternational Symposium on Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis - InterContinental Montreal, Montreal, Canada
Duration: 17 Jun 201520 Jun 2015
Conference number: 9th

Conference

ConferenceInternational Symposium on Nutritional Aspects of Osteoporosis
Abbreviated titleISNAO 2015
CountryCanada
CityMontreal
Period17/06/1520/06/15

Keywords

  • Sarcopenic obesity
  • Sarcopenia
  • Dynapenia
  • Obesity
  • Falls
  • Fractures
  • Osteoarthritis

Cite this

Scott, D. (2016). Influence of sarcopenic and dynapenic obesity on musculoskeletal health and function in older adults. In C. M. Weaver, R. M. Daly, & H. A. Bischoff-Ferrari (Eds.), Nutritional Influences on Bone Health: 9th International Symposium (1st ed., pp. 35 - 48). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-32417-3_4