Influence of pre-ageing on the stretch formability of Al-Mg-Si automotive sheet alloys

Hao Zhong, Paul A. Rometsch, Xiaodong Wu, Lingfei Cao, Yuri Estrin

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12 Citations (Scopus)


In 6xxx aluminium alloys for automotive panel applications, pre-ageing is normally employed to reduce the negative effect of natural ageing on the paint-bake response of the materials. Pre-ageing can also influence the stretch formability, although the mechanism is still unclear. In this paper, the effect of a pre-ageing treatment on the stretch formability of 6xxx alloys for the levels of Mg/Si ratio ranging from 2.5 to 0.4 was studied by using tensile testing, forming limit diagram (FLD) tests, and three dimensional atom probe (3DAP) investigations. In particular, the 3DAP results were used to explain the work hardening behaviour of samples. The results showed that pre-ageing deteriorates the stretch formability of all the 6xxx alloy samples studied, regardless of the magnitude of the Mg/Si ratio, due to a reduction in both the work hardening and the strain-rate hardening capabilities. Furthermore, it was demonstrated that the paint-baked hardness is inversely correlated with the plane strain stretch formability of the alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-85
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2017


  • 6xxx aluminium alloys
  • Pre-ageing
  • Stretch formability

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