The aim of this study was to determine whether the administration of free radical antagonists, immediately before and during the early minutes of reperfusion, improves muscle survival 24 hr after a period of ischemia. Rabbit rectus femoris muscles were isolated, made ischemic for 3 1/4 hr and treated with either desferrioxamine (DFX), an Fe3+ chelator, superoxide dismutase and catalase (SOD and CAT), which quench superoxide and hydrogen peroxide, or allopurinol, an inhibitor of xanthine oxidase (XO). After 24 hr reperfusion, muscle viability (±s.e.m.), measured by the nitro blue tetrazolium (NBT) vital staining technique, was 41.6 ± 11.3% for saline- treated ischemic controls, 30.6 ± 7.6% for DFX-treated, 46.7 ± 10.3% for SOD and CAT-treated, and 43.3 ± 9.5% for allopurinol-treated muscles. None of the treated groups differed significantly from the ischemic control group. Tissue myeloperoxidase, ATP and reduced glutathione levels, and plasma lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and aspartate transaminase (AST) levels were increased by ischemia and reperfusion in all groups, but the changes did not differ between the treatment groups. Levels of XO in the rabbit muscle were determined and found to be very low in both normal and postischemic muscle. As XO is the target enzyme of allopurinol, its absence provides a basis for the lack of effect of this agent. However, it is not clear why DFX and SOD and CAT had no protective effect.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 1997|