Influence of post heat treatments on anisotropy of mechanical behaviour and microstructure of Hastelloy-X parts produced by selective laser melting

Dacian Tomus, Tony Tian, Paul A. Rometsch, Martin Heilmaier, Xinhua Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Selective laser melting (SLM) was used to fabricate tensile specimens using Hastelloy-X pre-alloyed powder. Mechanical behaviour at room temperature, normal and parallel to building direction, was investigated. Furthermore, as-fabricated tensile samples were compared with ones post processed by heat treatments (HT), hot isostatic pressing (HIP) and a combination of both (HIP+HT).Yield strength (YS), ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and elongation to failure (εf) were analysed and explained based on the microstructure evolution. Dendrites and molten pool boundaries are mainly responsible for the observed anisotropy in εf of horizontal and vertical samples in the as-fabricated condition. After their dissolution by HT an increase in εf was observed. The columnar grain structure also contributes to the observed anisotropy in εf, inducing more ductile and cleavage like fracture surfaces in vertical and horizontal samples, respectively. The removal of porosity after HIP and HIP+HT yields a positive effect on εf. HIP or HT after SLM reduces the YS due to recovery processes such as dislocation density reduction and rearrangement of these dislocations in subgrain boundaries. Carbides of the type MxCy were partially segregated at the grain boundaries after HIP with detrimental effect on εf.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-53
Number of pages12
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A: Structural Materials: Properties, Microstructure and Processing
Volume667
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Electron microscopy
  • Fracture
  • Grain boundaries
  • Mechanical characterization
  • Nickel based superalloys
  • Selective laser melting

Cite this

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title = "Influence of post heat treatments on anisotropy of mechanical behaviour and microstructure of Hastelloy-X parts produced by selective laser melting",
abstract = "Selective laser melting (SLM) was used to fabricate tensile specimens using Hastelloy-X pre-alloyed powder. Mechanical behaviour at room temperature, normal and parallel to building direction, was investigated. Furthermore, as-fabricated tensile samples were compared with ones post processed by heat treatments (HT), hot isostatic pressing (HIP) and a combination of both (HIP+HT).Yield strength (YS), ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and elongation to failure (εf) were analysed and explained based on the microstructure evolution. Dendrites and molten pool boundaries are mainly responsible for the observed anisotropy in εf of horizontal and vertical samples in the as-fabricated condition. After their dissolution by HT an increase in εf was observed. The columnar grain structure also contributes to the observed anisotropy in εf, inducing more ductile and cleavage like fracture surfaces in vertical and horizontal samples, respectively. The removal of porosity after HIP and HIP+HT yields a positive effect on εf. HIP or HT after SLM reduces the YS due to recovery processes such as dislocation density reduction and rearrangement of these dislocations in subgrain boundaries. Carbides of the type MxCy were partially segregated at the grain boundaries after HIP with detrimental effect on εf.",
keywords = "Electron microscopy, Fracture, Grain boundaries, Mechanical characterization, Nickel based superalloys, Selective laser melting",
author = "Dacian Tomus and Tony Tian and Rometsch, {Paul A.} and Martin Heilmaier and Xinhua Wu",
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T1 - Influence of post heat treatments on anisotropy of mechanical behaviour and microstructure of Hastelloy-X parts produced by selective laser melting

AU - Tomus, Dacian

AU - Tian, Tony

AU - Rometsch, Paul A.

AU - Heilmaier, Martin

AU - Wu, Xinhua

PY - 2016/6/14

Y1 - 2016/6/14

N2 - Selective laser melting (SLM) was used to fabricate tensile specimens using Hastelloy-X pre-alloyed powder. Mechanical behaviour at room temperature, normal and parallel to building direction, was investigated. Furthermore, as-fabricated tensile samples were compared with ones post processed by heat treatments (HT), hot isostatic pressing (HIP) and a combination of both (HIP+HT).Yield strength (YS), ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and elongation to failure (εf) were analysed and explained based on the microstructure evolution. Dendrites and molten pool boundaries are mainly responsible for the observed anisotropy in εf of horizontal and vertical samples in the as-fabricated condition. After their dissolution by HT an increase in εf was observed. The columnar grain structure also contributes to the observed anisotropy in εf, inducing more ductile and cleavage like fracture surfaces in vertical and horizontal samples, respectively. The removal of porosity after HIP and HIP+HT yields a positive effect on εf. HIP or HT after SLM reduces the YS due to recovery processes such as dislocation density reduction and rearrangement of these dislocations in subgrain boundaries. Carbides of the type MxCy were partially segregated at the grain boundaries after HIP with detrimental effect on εf.

AB - Selective laser melting (SLM) was used to fabricate tensile specimens using Hastelloy-X pre-alloyed powder. Mechanical behaviour at room temperature, normal and parallel to building direction, was investigated. Furthermore, as-fabricated tensile samples were compared with ones post processed by heat treatments (HT), hot isostatic pressing (HIP) and a combination of both (HIP+HT).Yield strength (YS), ultimate tensile strength (UTS) and elongation to failure (εf) were analysed and explained based on the microstructure evolution. Dendrites and molten pool boundaries are mainly responsible for the observed anisotropy in εf of horizontal and vertical samples in the as-fabricated condition. After their dissolution by HT an increase in εf was observed. The columnar grain structure also contributes to the observed anisotropy in εf, inducing more ductile and cleavage like fracture surfaces in vertical and horizontal samples, respectively. The removal of porosity after HIP and HIP+HT yields a positive effect on εf. HIP or HT after SLM reduces the YS due to recovery processes such as dislocation density reduction and rearrangement of these dislocations in subgrain boundaries. Carbides of the type MxCy were partially segregated at the grain boundaries after HIP with detrimental effect on εf.

KW - Electron microscopy

KW - Fracture

KW - Grain boundaries

KW - Mechanical characterization

KW - Nickel based superalloys

KW - Selective laser melting

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