Influence of memory theme and posttraumatic stress disorder on memory specificity in British and Iranian trauma survivors

Laura Jobson, Sepideh Cheraghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigated the influence of culture, memory theme and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) on autobiographical memory specificity in Iranian and British trauma survivors. Participants completed the Autobiographical Memory Test and PTSD Diagnostic Scale. The results indicated that the British group provided significantly more personal-themed memories than the Iranian group, while the Iranian group provided significantly more social-themed memories than the British group. The British group also provided a significantly greater proportion of specific personal-themed and social-themed memories than the Iranian group. Overall, in both cultural groups memory specificity was found to be significantly correlated with PTSD symptoms. These findings provide further evidence that regardless of memory theme, specificity of autobiographical memories function to differentiate the self from others and reaffirm the independent self. They also further highlight that pan-culturally an overgeneral retrieval style may be employed by those with PTSD symptoms
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1015-1022
Number of pages8
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

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