Influence of High-Temperature Water Vapor on Titanium Film Surface

Wei Feng, Qingyuan Wang, Qingquan Kong, Xiaodong Zhu, Jiejie Wu, Chenghua Sun

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3 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes and analyzes the appearance, phase, and photocurrent of titanium film surfaces after exposure to water vapor at 100–1000 °C. The experimental results show that water vapor at higher than 300 °C can cause measurable oxidation of the titanium surface, and the oxidation product is changed into rutile from anatase in a gradual phase transformation with temperature. In the reaction, the product produced at 500–900 °C is a mixed phase of rutile and anatase. The titanium film surface appearance can change regularly with temperature, and an acicular rutile oxidation product can be produced on the surface at 800 °C. The photocurrent density on titanium surface increases with reaction temperature, and comes to a maximum value at 800 °C. However, with further increase in reaction temperature, the density decreases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-192
Number of pages14
JournalOxidation of Metals
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016


  • High-temperature water vapor
  • Photocurrent
  • Surface
  • Titanium

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