Influence of chronic illness on crash involvement of motor vehicle drivers: 2nd edition

Judith Lynne Charlton, Sjaanie Narelle Koppel, Morris Solomon Odell, Anna Devlin, James William Langford, Mary Alice O'Hare, Chelvi Kopinathan, Dale Julian Andrea, Geoffrey Smith, Bereha Khodr, Jessica Ruth Price Edquist, Carlyn Pauline Muir, Michelle Irene Scully

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned ReportResearch

Abstract

A significant issue for consideration in road safety is the impact of medical conditions on crash involvement and risk of injury. This aim of this project was to update the first edition report: Charlton et al. (2004). Influence of Chronic Illness on Crash Involvement of Motor Vehicle Drivers. Report No. 213. Clayton , Australia : Monash University Accident Research Centre. The report reviews the evidence for the influence of chronic illness and impairments on crash involvement of motor vehicle drivers for the period May-2003 to mid-2009, builds on previous research and provides an updated review of evidence since the last report. A number of methodological issues are discussed and recent research findings are critically evaluated. A risk rating system was applied to all medical conditions of interest. This provided a means of identifying those conditions that presented the greatest risk. Based on both new evidence and pre-May 2003 evidence, eight conditions were found to have at least a moderately elevated risk of crash involvement (relative risk greater than 2.0) compared with their relevant control group. These comprised the same conditions identified in the 2004 report: alcohol abuse and dependence, dementia, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, psychiatric disorders (considered as a group), schizophrenia, sleep apnoea and cataracts. Guidelines regarding fitness to drive from selected jurisdictions were also considered in the light of evidence for crash risk. These comparisons revealed a number of differences across the jurisdictions and highlighted some inconsistencies with the available evidence for crash risk. A number of conclusions are presented which may contribute to the formulation of recommendations for managing the risk of injury crashes associated with medical conditions. The findings of this review also highlighted the need for a cooperative international approach to future research using population-based, prospective studies to advance scientific knowledge linking impairment from medical conditions and crash risk.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationMelbourne Australia
PublisherMUARC
Number of pages621
Edition2nd
ISBN (Print)0 7322370 7
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Cite this

Charlton, J. L., Koppel, S. N., Odell, M. S., Devlin, A., Langford, J. W., O'Hare, M. A., ... Scully, M. I. (2010). Influence of chronic illness on crash involvement of motor vehicle drivers: 2nd edition. (2nd ed.) Melbourne Australia: MUARC.
Charlton, Judith Lynne ; Koppel, Sjaanie Narelle ; Odell, Morris Solomon ; Devlin, Anna ; Langford, James William ; O'Hare, Mary Alice ; Kopinathan, Chelvi ; Andrea, Dale Julian ; Smith, Geoffrey ; Khodr, Bereha ; Edquist, Jessica Ruth Price ; Muir, Carlyn Pauline ; Scully, Michelle Irene. / Influence of chronic illness on crash involvement of motor vehicle drivers: 2nd edition. 2nd ed. Melbourne Australia : MUARC, 2010. 621 p.
@book{75da9c6474294d638ba7b097eb54a3ad,
title = "Influence of chronic illness on crash involvement of motor vehicle drivers: 2nd edition",
abstract = "A significant issue for consideration in road safety is the impact of medical conditions on crash involvement and risk of injury. This aim of this project was to update the first edition report: Charlton et al. (2004). Influence of Chronic Illness on Crash Involvement of Motor Vehicle Drivers. Report No. 213. Clayton , Australia : Monash University Accident Research Centre. The report reviews the evidence for the influence of chronic illness and impairments on crash involvement of motor vehicle drivers for the period May-2003 to mid-2009, builds on previous research and provides an updated review of evidence since the last report. A number of methodological issues are discussed and recent research findings are critically evaluated. A risk rating system was applied to all medical conditions of interest. This provided a means of identifying those conditions that presented the greatest risk. Based on both new evidence and pre-May 2003 evidence, eight conditions were found to have at least a moderately elevated risk of crash involvement (relative risk greater than 2.0) compared with their relevant control group. These comprised the same conditions identified in the 2004 report: alcohol abuse and dependence, dementia, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, psychiatric disorders (considered as a group), schizophrenia, sleep apnoea and cataracts. Guidelines regarding fitness to drive from selected jurisdictions were also considered in the light of evidence for crash risk. These comparisons revealed a number of differences across the jurisdictions and highlighted some inconsistencies with the available evidence for crash risk. A number of conclusions are presented which may contribute to the formulation of recommendations for managing the risk of injury crashes associated with medical conditions. The findings of this review also highlighted the need for a cooperative international approach to future research using population-based, prospective studies to advance scientific knowledge linking impairment from medical conditions and crash risk.",
author = "Charlton, {Judith Lynne} and Koppel, {Sjaanie Narelle} and Odell, {Morris Solomon} and Anna Devlin and Langford, {James William} and O'Hare, {Mary Alice} and Chelvi Kopinathan and Andrea, {Dale Julian} and Geoffrey Smith and Bereha Khodr and Edquist, {Jessica Ruth Price} and Muir, {Carlyn Pauline} and Scully, {Michelle Irene}",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
isbn = "0 7322370 7",
publisher = "MUARC",
edition = "2nd",

}

Charlton, JL, Koppel, SN, Odell, MS, Devlin, A, Langford, JW, O'Hare, MA, Kopinathan, C, Andrea, DJ, Smith, G, Khodr, B, Edquist, JRP, Muir, CP & Scully, MI 2010, Influence of chronic illness on crash involvement of motor vehicle drivers: 2nd edition. 2nd edn, MUARC, Melbourne Australia.

Influence of chronic illness on crash involvement of motor vehicle drivers: 2nd edition. / Charlton, Judith Lynne; Koppel, Sjaanie Narelle; Odell, Morris Solomon; Devlin, Anna; Langford, James William; O'Hare, Mary Alice; Kopinathan, Chelvi; Andrea, Dale Julian; Smith, Geoffrey; Khodr, Bereha; Edquist, Jessica Ruth Price; Muir, Carlyn Pauline; Scully, Michelle Irene.

2nd ed. Melbourne Australia : MUARC, 2010. 621 p.

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned ReportResearch

TY - BOOK

T1 - Influence of chronic illness on crash involvement of motor vehicle drivers: 2nd edition

AU - Charlton, Judith Lynne

AU - Koppel, Sjaanie Narelle

AU - Odell, Morris Solomon

AU - Devlin, Anna

AU - Langford, James William

AU - O'Hare, Mary Alice

AU - Kopinathan, Chelvi

AU - Andrea, Dale Julian

AU - Smith, Geoffrey

AU - Khodr, Bereha

AU - Edquist, Jessica Ruth Price

AU - Muir, Carlyn Pauline

AU - Scully, Michelle Irene

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - A significant issue for consideration in road safety is the impact of medical conditions on crash involvement and risk of injury. This aim of this project was to update the first edition report: Charlton et al. (2004). Influence of Chronic Illness on Crash Involvement of Motor Vehicle Drivers. Report No. 213. Clayton , Australia : Monash University Accident Research Centre. The report reviews the evidence for the influence of chronic illness and impairments on crash involvement of motor vehicle drivers for the period May-2003 to mid-2009, builds on previous research and provides an updated review of evidence since the last report. A number of methodological issues are discussed and recent research findings are critically evaluated. A risk rating system was applied to all medical conditions of interest. This provided a means of identifying those conditions that presented the greatest risk. Based on both new evidence and pre-May 2003 evidence, eight conditions were found to have at least a moderately elevated risk of crash involvement (relative risk greater than 2.0) compared with their relevant control group. These comprised the same conditions identified in the 2004 report: alcohol abuse and dependence, dementia, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, psychiatric disorders (considered as a group), schizophrenia, sleep apnoea and cataracts. Guidelines regarding fitness to drive from selected jurisdictions were also considered in the light of evidence for crash risk. These comparisons revealed a number of differences across the jurisdictions and highlighted some inconsistencies with the available evidence for crash risk. A number of conclusions are presented which may contribute to the formulation of recommendations for managing the risk of injury crashes associated with medical conditions. The findings of this review also highlighted the need for a cooperative international approach to future research using population-based, prospective studies to advance scientific knowledge linking impairment from medical conditions and crash risk.

AB - A significant issue for consideration in road safety is the impact of medical conditions on crash involvement and risk of injury. This aim of this project was to update the first edition report: Charlton et al. (2004). Influence of Chronic Illness on Crash Involvement of Motor Vehicle Drivers. Report No. 213. Clayton , Australia : Monash University Accident Research Centre. The report reviews the evidence for the influence of chronic illness and impairments on crash involvement of motor vehicle drivers for the period May-2003 to mid-2009, builds on previous research and provides an updated review of evidence since the last report. A number of methodological issues are discussed and recent research findings are critically evaluated. A risk rating system was applied to all medical conditions of interest. This provided a means of identifying those conditions that presented the greatest risk. Based on both new evidence and pre-May 2003 evidence, eight conditions were found to have at least a moderately elevated risk of crash involvement (relative risk greater than 2.0) compared with their relevant control group. These comprised the same conditions identified in the 2004 report: alcohol abuse and dependence, dementia, epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, psychiatric disorders (considered as a group), schizophrenia, sleep apnoea and cataracts. Guidelines regarding fitness to drive from selected jurisdictions were also considered in the light of evidence for crash risk. These comparisons revealed a number of differences across the jurisdictions and highlighted some inconsistencies with the available evidence for crash risk. A number of conclusions are presented which may contribute to the formulation of recommendations for managing the risk of injury crashes associated with medical conditions. The findings of this review also highlighted the need for a cooperative international approach to future research using population-based, prospective studies to advance scientific knowledge linking impairment from medical conditions and crash risk.

M3 - Commissioned Report

SN - 0 7322370 7

BT - Influence of chronic illness on crash involvement of motor vehicle drivers: 2nd edition

PB - MUARC

CY - Melbourne Australia

ER -