Inflight Polymerase Chain Reaction of samples with drones: inflight PCR with drones

Hassan Ali Abid, Tristan Minifie, Jian Wern Ong, Eric Shen Lin, Zhixiong Song, Oi Wah Liew, Tuck Wah Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


A system devised to conduct Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in-flight on drones that uses the spatial displacement of capillary tubes on thermal blocks kept at 94 °C, 58 °C and 72 °C corresponding to cycling temperatures for denaturation, annealing and extension is demonstrated here. The use of acetal as the thermal block material reduced heat loss and the input power (within 18.5 W) needed to maintain the required temperatures. Tests showed that concentrations of samples down to 1.16 × 106 DNA copies/μL could be significantly and consistently detected above the background emission of the fluorescence signal intensity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114098
Number of pages3
JournalAnalytical Biochemistry
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021


  • Drone
  • PCR
  • Quadcopter
  • Transport
  • UAV

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