Inflammatory biomarkers and motoric cognitive risk syndrome: Multicohort survey

Justina L. Groeger, Emmeline Ayers, Nir Barzilai, Olivier Beauchet, Michele Callisaya, Maral R. Torossian, Carol Derby, Takehiko Doi, Richard B. Lipton, Sofiya Milman, Sho Nakakubo, Hiroyuki Shimada, Velandai Srikanth, Cuiling Wang, Joe Verghese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Inflammation may play a role in Motoric Cognitive Risk (MCR) syndrome, a pre-dementia syndrome comprised of slow gait and cognitive complaints. Our objective was to examine associations of inflammatory biomarkers with MCR. Methods: We examined association of interleukin-6 (IL-6) and C-reactive protein (CRP) with prevalent MCR using logistic regression in 3,101 older adults (52% female) from five cohorts (National Center for Geriatrics & Gerontology Study of Geriatric Syndromes [NCGG-SGS], Central Control of Mobility in Aging [CCMA], Tasmanian Study of Cognition and Gait [TASCOG], LonGenity, and Einstein Aging Study [EAS]). Associations were reported as odds ratios adjusted for sex, age, education, depressive symptoms, body mass index, and vascular diseases (aOR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Meta-analysis and analyses stratified by vascular disease were also done. Results: Although associations between higher (worse) CRP and IL-6 tertiles and MCR were only seen in three out of the five cohorts (EAS, TASCOG, and LonGenity), when a pooled meta-analysis was performed, a robust association was demonstrated. In meta-analysis, highest tertiles of IL-6 (aOR 1.57, 95%CI 1.01- 2.44) and CRP (aOR 1.65, 95%CI 1.09–2.48) was associated with MCR versus lowest tertiles in the pooled sample. Higher CRP was associated with MCR among those with vascular disease in TASCOG and LonGenity cohorts, and among those without vascular disease in EAS. Conclusions: IL-6 and CRP levels are associated with MCR in older adults, and this association varies by presence of vascular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100151
Number of pages4
JournalCerebral Circulation - Cognition and Behavior
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • CRP
  • IL-6
  • Motoric cognitive risk syndrome
  • Proinflammatory cytokines
  • Vascular disease

Cite this