Inferring the population properties of binary neutron stars with gravitational-wave measurements of spin

Xingjiang Zhu, Eric Thrane, Stefan Osłowski, Yuri Levin, Paul D. Lasky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The recent LIGO-Virgo detection of gravitational waves from a binary neutron star inspiral event GW170817 and the discovery of its accompanying electromagnetic signals mark a new era for multimessenger astronomy. In the coming years, advanced gravitational-wave detectors are likely to detect tens to hundreds of similar events. Neutron stars in binaries can possess significant spin, which is imprinted on the gravitational waveform via the effective spin parameter χeff. We explore the astrophysical inferences made possible by gravitational-wave measurements of χeff. First, using a fiducial model informed by radio observations, we estimate that ≈15-30% of binary neutron stars should have spins measurable at ?90% confidence level by advanced detectors assuming the spin axis of the recycled neutron star aligns with the total orbital angular momentum of the binary. Second, using Bayesian inference, we show that it is possible to tell whether or not the spin axis of the recycled neutron star tends to be aligned with the binary orbit using ?30 detections. Finally, interesting constraints can be placed on neutron star magnetic field decay after ?300 detections, if the spin periods and magnetic field strengths of Galactic binary neutron stars are representative of the merging population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number043002
Number of pages14
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume98
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Pulsars
  • Radio pulsar
  • Neutron stars

Cite this

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title = "Inferring the population properties of binary neutron stars with gravitational-wave measurements of spin",
abstract = "The recent LIGO-Virgo detection of gravitational waves from a binary neutron star inspiral event GW170817 and the discovery of its accompanying electromagnetic signals mark a new era for multimessenger astronomy. In the coming years, advanced gravitational-wave detectors are likely to detect tens to hundreds of similar events. Neutron stars in binaries can possess significant spin, which is imprinted on the gravitational waveform via the effective spin parameter χeff. We explore the astrophysical inferences made possible by gravitational-wave measurements of χeff. First, using a fiducial model informed by radio observations, we estimate that ≈15-30{\%} of binary neutron stars should have spins measurable at ?90{\%} confidence level by advanced detectors assuming the spin axis of the recycled neutron star aligns with the total orbital angular momentum of the binary. Second, using Bayesian inference, we show that it is possible to tell whether or not the spin axis of the recycled neutron star tends to be aligned with the binary orbit using ?30 detections. Finally, interesting constraints can be placed on neutron star magnetic field decay after ?300 detections, if the spin periods and magnetic field strengths of Galactic binary neutron stars are representative of the merging population.",
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Inferring the population properties of binary neutron stars with gravitational-wave measurements of spin. / Zhu, Xingjiang; Thrane, Eric; Osłowski, Stefan; Levin, Yuri; Lasky, Paul D.

In: Physical Review D, Vol. 98, No. 4, 043002, 15.08.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Inferring the population properties of binary neutron stars with gravitational-wave measurements of spin

AU - Zhu, Xingjiang

AU - Thrane, Eric

AU - Osłowski, Stefan

AU - Levin, Yuri

AU - Lasky, Paul D.

PY - 2018/8/15

Y1 - 2018/8/15

N2 - The recent LIGO-Virgo detection of gravitational waves from a binary neutron star inspiral event GW170817 and the discovery of its accompanying electromagnetic signals mark a new era for multimessenger astronomy. In the coming years, advanced gravitational-wave detectors are likely to detect tens to hundreds of similar events. Neutron stars in binaries can possess significant spin, which is imprinted on the gravitational waveform via the effective spin parameter χeff. We explore the astrophysical inferences made possible by gravitational-wave measurements of χeff. First, using a fiducial model informed by radio observations, we estimate that ≈15-30% of binary neutron stars should have spins measurable at ?90% confidence level by advanced detectors assuming the spin axis of the recycled neutron star aligns with the total orbital angular momentum of the binary. Second, using Bayesian inference, we show that it is possible to tell whether or not the spin axis of the recycled neutron star tends to be aligned with the binary orbit using ?30 detections. Finally, interesting constraints can be placed on neutron star magnetic field decay after ?300 detections, if the spin periods and magnetic field strengths of Galactic binary neutron stars are representative of the merging population.

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