Infective complications following tumour endoprosthesis surgery for bone and soft tissue tumours

T. Peel, D. May, K. Buising, K. Thursky, M. Slavin, Peter FM Choong

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Aims: This study aims to describe the incidence of infective complications, including tumour endoprosthesis infection, in a cohort of patients undergoing tumour endoprosthesis surgery in Victoria, Australia. 

Methods: This retrospective cohort study was performed over 15 years (January 1996-December 2010). 

Results: 121 patients underwent tumour endoprosthesis surgery during the study period. Patients were followed for a median of 34 months (interquartile range [IQR] 17, 80). Overall, 34 patients (28%) experienced infective complications including: bacteraemia in 19 patients (16%) and tumour endoprosthesis infection in 17 (14%). The majority of patients with early and late acute infections (haematogenous) were managed with debridement and retention of the prosthesis in addition to biofilm-active antibiotics. Late chronic infections were predominantly managed by exchange of the prosthesis. The overall success rate of treatment was 71%. The success rate for debridement and retention was 75% compared with 67% for exchange procedures. 

Conclusions: There is a significant rate of infective complications following tumour endoprosthesis surgery including 14% of patients experiencing infection involving the tumour endoprosthesis. This study is the first to report on outcomes from debridement and retention of the prosthesis; which had comparable success rates to other treatment modalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1087-1094
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Bone and soft tissue tumour
  • Epidemiology
  • Infection
  • Outcome
  • Treatment
  • Tumour endoprosthesis infection
  • Tumour endoprosthesis surgery

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