Inertia friction welding dissimilar nickel-based superalloys alloy 720Li to IN718

Z. W. Huang, H. Y. Li, M. Preuss, M. Karadge, P. Bowen, S. Bray, G. Baxter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)


This article describes a comprehensive microstructural characterization of an inertia friction welded joint between nickel-based superalloys 720Li and IN718. The investigation has been carried out on both as-welded and postweld heat-treated conditions. The detailed metallographic analysis has enabled the relation of hardness profiles across inertia-welded alloy 720Li to IN718 and morphological changes of the precipitates present. The work demonstrates that inertia friction welding (IFW) 720Li to IN718 results in a weld free of micropores and microcracks and no significant chemical migration across the weld line. However, substantial differences in terms of grain structure and precipitation phase distribution variations are observed on each side of the dissimilar weld. The high γ′ volume fraction alloy 720Li exhibits a wider heat-affected zone than the mainly γ″ strengthened IN718. Alloy 720Li displays only a small hardness trough near the weld line in the as-welded condition due to the depletion of γ′, while γ″-strengthened IN718 shows a soft precipitation-free weld region. Postweld heat treatment (PWHT) of the dissimilar weld at 760 °C, a typical annealing temperature for alloy 720Li, results in an overmatch of the heat-affected zone in both sides of the weld. The comparison of the as-welded and postweld heat-treated condition also reveals that IN718 is in an overaged condition after the stress relief treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1608-1620
Number of pages13
JournalMetallurgical and Materials Transactions A: Physical Metallurgy and Materials Science
Volume38 A
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2007
Externally publishedYes

Cite this