Industrial lands, equity, and economic diversity: a comparative study of planned employment areas in Melbourne, Australia

Carl Grodach, Nícolas Guerra-Tao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Cities develop innovation districts and mixed-use employment centres to grow knowledge industries and encourage sustainable urban form. However, this strategy may contribute to socio-economic inequality and uneven development. It also often relies on conversion of industrial zones, which may counter unequal urban development by supporting quality jobs and a diverse economic mix. This research aims to demonstrate the value of industrial land by comparing their employment and equity roles to other planned employment areas in Melbourne, Australia. We find that industrial zones support an overlooked source of employment and provide a more diverse employment and income base than other areas.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
JournalUrban Research & Practice
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Economic development
  • employment
  • industrial zoning
  • innovation districts
  • mixed-use development

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