Induction of protein expression within Escherichia coli vector for entry into mammalian cells

Qingwen Chen, Choon-Weng Lee, Edmund Ui-Hang Sim, Kumaran Narayanan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Direct protein delivery into the cytosol of mammalian cells by invasive Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacterial vector will bypass the need to achieve nuclear entry and transcription of DNA, a major hurdle that is known to seriously limit gene transfer. The bacterial vector is induced to express the protein during its growth phase, before presentation for entry into mammalian cells and release of its content into the cellular environment. For this class of vector, crossing the plasma membrane becomes the primary step that determines the success of protein delivery. Yet, how the mechanics of protein expression within the vector affect its entry into the host is poorly understood. We found the vector s effectiveness to enter HeLa cells diminished together with its viability when phage N15 protelomerase (TelN) expression was induced continuously in the invasive E. coli despite producing an abundant amount of functional protein. By comparison, shorter induction, even as little as 3 hr, produced sufficient amounts of functional TelN and showed more effective invasion of HeLa cells, comparable to that of uninduced invasive E. coli. These results demonstrate that brief induction of protein expression during vector growth is essential for optimal entry into mammalian cells, an important step for achieving bacteria-mediated protein delivery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40 - 47
Number of pages8
JournalHuman Gene Therapy. Methods
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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