Induced factor binding to the interferon-stimulated response element: Interferon-α and platelet-derived growth factor utilize distinct signaling pathways

G. E. Hannigan, B. R.G. Williams

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Interferon-α (IFNα) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) each rapidly stimulate binding of nuclear factors from Balb/c 3T3 fibroblasts, to a 29-base pair regulatory sequence derived from the 5' upstream region of the murine 2-5A synthetase gene. This regulatory sequence contains a functional interferon-stimulated response element (ISRE) and also functions as a PDGF-responsive sequence. We show that IFNα induces binding of a protein of molecular mass 65 kDa to the ISRE. Constitutively expressed ISRE-binding proteins of 98 and 150 kDa are also demonstrated. Binding of inducible factors to the ISRE increases significantly within 15 min of IFNα or PDGF treatment. PDGF-induced binding is not mediated by IFNβ. The protein kinase inhibitors, staurosporine and K252a, block PDGF-induced ISRE binding and 2-5A synthetase gene expression. IFNα-induced ISRE binding and gene activation are not blocked by these inhibitors. Treatment of cells with 12-O-tetradecanoyl-13-acetate or dibutyryl cyclic AMP does not activate ISRE binding factors or 2-5A synthetase gene expression. PDGF responsiveness of the ISRE in vivo is also sensitive to staurosporine, indicating that inhibition of a protein kinase activity blocks the PDGF-specific transcriptional signal. Our data indicate the signal transduction pathway for IFNα-induced, ISRE-dependent transcription is distinct from the PDGF-induced ISRE response and is likely independent of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase and protein kinase C activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8765-8770
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number14
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jul 1991
Externally publishedYes

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