Individualized guidelines for the management of aggression in dementia - Part 1: Key concepts

Victor Vickland, Natalie Chilko, Brian Draper, Lee-Fay Low, Daniel William O'Connor, Henry Brodaty

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines have the potential to assist in the management of aggression in dementia. This study aims to develop a conceptual framework for the construction of individualized guidelines for this group. METHODS: A concept map of the topic How to manage aggression in dementia was developed by reviewing research papers, clinical guidelines, and gray literature. Titles and abstracts of papers that met search criteria were manually scanned in an iterative process for the extraction of key ideas and terminology commonly used to describe the field. Essential ideas and concepts were recorded on a concept map and hierarchically arranged. The concept map was converted into an interactive PDF document for easy distribution and sharing. RESULTS: Ten key concepts were found to be important when managing aggression in dementia clustered along three major dimensions: Patient, Disorder and Treatment. The dimension Patient was defined by the Patient s individual characteristics, the Personal life story, and the Patient s environment. Disorder was defined by the Presentation of symptoms and Theory of causation. Treatment was defined by Goals and expectations, Non-pharmacological interventions, Pharmacological interventions, Ethics and Restraint Use, and Emergency treatment. Concepts relating to clinical guidelines themselves were also included in the interactive map, including Support from evidence-based medicine, Regular updates, Disclosures, and Usability. CONCLUSION: Managing aggression in dementia requires consideration of a wide range of factors relating to the patient, the dementia and behavioral disturbance, and possible treatment options. An interactive and hierarchical concept map provides a framework to develop individualized clinical guidelines.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1125 - 1132
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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