Indigenous Knowledge and Resource Management as World Heritage Values: Budj Bim Cultural Landscape, Australia

Anita Smith, Ian J. McNiven, Denis Rose, Steve Brown, Chris Johnston, Simon Crocker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review


Budj Bim Cultural Landscape, Australia, is internationally recognised for evidence of the 6000-year-old Gunditjmara eel aquaculture system. Research supporting a World Heritage nomination for Budj Bim has found that Indigenous knowledge, use and management of natural resources are rarely considered as cultural values in World Heritage sites. When cultural landscapes that reflect these values are considered as a distinct type of site, a significant gap is highlighted in the representation of the values of Indigenous peoples on the World Heritage List.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-313
Number of pages29
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Budj Bim Cultural Landscape
  • Indigenous knowledge
  • Resource management
  • World Heritage

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