Incremental value of three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography over the two-dimensional technique in the assessment of a thrombus in transit through a patent foramen ovale

Munveer Thind, Mustafa I Ahmed, Gulay Gok, Marisa Joson, Mahmoud Elsayed, Benjamin C. Tuck, Matthew M. Townsley, Berthold Klas, David C. McGiffin, Navin C. Nanda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleOtherpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We report a case of a right atrial thrombus traversing a patent foramen ovale into the left atrium, where three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography provided considerable incremental value over two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography in its assessment. As well as allowing us to better spatially characterize the thrombus, three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography provided a more quantitative assessment through estimation of total thrombus burden.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)848-854
Number of pages7
JournalEchocardiography-A Journal of Cardiovascular Ultrasound and Allied Techniques
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • patent foramen ovale
  • three-dimensional echocardiography
  • three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography
  • thrombus
  • thrombus in transit
  • two-dimensional echocardiography

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