Increased genetic diversity loss and genetic differentiation in a model marine diatom adapted to ocean warming compared to high CO2

Peng Jin, Jiaofeng Wan, Yunyue Zhou, Kunshan Gao, John Beardall, Jiamin Lin, Jiali Huang, Yucong Lu, Shiman Liang, Kaiqiang Wang, Zengling Ma, Jianrong Xia

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11 Citations (Scopus)


Although high CO2 and warming could act interactively on marine phytoplankton, little is known about the molecular basis for this interaction on an evolutionary scale. Here we explored the adaptation to high CO2 in combination with warming in a model marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum. Whole-genome re-sequencing identifies, in comparison to populations grown under control conditions, a larger genetic diversity loss and a higher genetic differentiation in the populations adapted for 2 years to warming than in those adapted to high CO2. However, this diversity loss was less under high CO2 combined with warming, suggesting that the evolution driven by warming was constrained by high CO2. By integrating genomics, transcriptomics, and physiological data, we found that the underlying molecular basis for this constraint is associated with the expression of genes involved in some key metabolic pathways or biological processes, such as the glyoxylate pathway, amino acid and fatty acid metabolism, and diel variability. Our results shed new light on the evolutionary responses of marine phytoplankton to multiple environmental changes in the context of global change and provide new insights into the molecular basis underpinning interactions among those multiple drivers. [Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2587–2598
Number of pages12
JournalThe ISME Journal
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2022

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