Income-related inequalities in health: some international comparisons

Eddy Van Doorslaer, Adam Wagstaff, Han Bleichrodt, Samuel Calonge, Ulf G. Gerdtham, Michael Gerfin, José Geurts, Lorna Gross, Unto Häkkinen, Robert E. Leu, Owen O'Donnell, Carol Propper, Frank Puffer, Marisol Rodríguez, Gun Sundberg, Olaf Winkelhake

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335 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents evidence on income-related inequalities in self- assessed health in nine industrialized countries. Health interview survey data were used to construct concentration curves of self-assessed health, measured as a latent variable. Inequalities in health favoured the higher income groups and were statistically significant in all countries. Inequalities were particularly high in the United States and the United Kingdom. Amongst other European countries, Sweden, Finland and the former East Germany had the lowest inequality. Across countries, a strong association was found between inequalities in health and inequalities in income.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-112
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Health Economics
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1997
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Health inequality
  • International comparisons

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