Incidence and outcomes of uterine rupture among women with prior caesarean section: WHO Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health

Kenichiro Motomura, Togoobaatar Ganchimeg, Chie Nagata, Erika Ota, Joshua P. Vogel, Ana Pilar Betran, Maria Regina Torloni, Kapila Jayaratne, Seung Chik Jwa, Suneeta Mittal, Zenaida Dy Recidoro, Kenji Matsumoto, Mikiya Fujieda, Idi Nafiou, Khalid Yunis, Zahida Qureshi, Joao Paulo Souza, Rintaro Mori

Research output: Contribution to journalReview ArticleResearchpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Caesarean section (CS) is increasing globally, and women with prior CS are at higher risk of uterine rupture in subsequent pregnancies. However, little is known about the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of uterine rupture in women with prior CS, especially in developing countries. To investigate this, we conducted a secondary analysis of the World Health Organization Multicountry Survey on Maternal and Newborn Health, which included data on delivery from 359 facilities in 29 countries. The incidence of uterine rupture among women with at least one prior CS was 0.5% (170/37,366), ranging from 0.2% in high-Human Development Index (HDI) countries to 1.0% in low-HDI countries. Factors significantly associated with uterine rupture included giving birth in medium- or low-HDI countries (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] 2.0 and 3.88, respectively), lower maternal educational level (≤6 years) (AOR 1.71), spontaneous onset of labour (AOR 1.62), and gestational age at birth <37 weeks (AOR 3.52). Women with uterine rupture had significantly higher risk of maternal death (AOR 4.45) and perinatal death (AOR 33.34). Women with prior CS, especially in resource-limited settings, are facing higher risk of uterine rupture and subsequent adverse outcomes. Further studies are needed for prevention/management strategies in these settings.

Original languageEnglish
Article number44093
Number of pages9
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Mar 2017
Externally publishedYes

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